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Ingoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda ziteguye gukorana n’abikorera mu kubyaza umusaruro umuco

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Ingoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda ziteguye gukorana n’abikorera mu kubyaza umusaruro umuco

Posted on 27 June 2015 by peter

Ingoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda ziteguye gukorana n’abikorera mu kubyaza umusaruro umuco 

Ikigo cy’ingoro z’igihugu z’umurage w’u Rwanda cyatangije gahunda yo kumenyekanisha ibikorwa byacyo ku buryo buruta ubwari busanzwe. Iki gikorwa cyakorewe ku Ngoro y’umurage y’ i Huye, ku itariki ya 25/6, ngo ni intangiriro yo kwagura amarembo, abikorera babyifuza bagafatanya n’ikigo mu kubyaza umusaruro umuco w’Abanyarwanda.

Nk’uko bisobanururwa na Ivan Twagirashema, umuyobozi w’inama y’ubutegetsi y’iki kigo, ngo gahunda batangije ni iyo gukora ku buryo Ingoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda zimenyekana kurushaho: Ingoro zigere mu bigo by’amashuri, zinyure kuri tereviziyo, … zisurwe na bose, buri Munyarwanda yumve ko umutungo urimo umureba.

Ibi ngo bazanabishobozwa n’uko iki kigo cyahawe abakozi bahagije: bavuye ku mubare wa 18 ikigo cyari cyasigiwe muri reforume yo muri 2006, none ubu bagera ku 109.

Ingoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda ziteguye gukorana n’abikorera mu kubyaza umusaruro umuco

Dr. Twagirashema kandi ati “kugira ngo ufite amafaranga abe yakwemera gushora imari mu kintu, ni uko aba afite uko agusanga, kugira ngo yumve ko kwifatanya nawe hari inyungu abifitemo.” Ngo ni yo mpamvu y’uku gutangira kwerekana ingoro z’umurage uko bitari bisanzwe, kugira ngo bimwe mu bihakorerwa bitangire gucuruzwa mu Rwanda no ku masoko mpuzamahanga.

Dr. Twagirashema kandi ati « byose bigakorwa kugira ngo igihugu cyacu gikomeze kugaragara mu bundi buryo, atari ingagi gusa. Iki ni ikindi gishya kigiye kujya kigaragaza hanze ubwiza bw’igihugu cyacu.”

Mu birango byashyizwe ahagaragara, harimo logo nshyashya y’iki kigo. Iyi logo igizwe n’amabara agize ibendera ry’u Rwanda, kandi uwayitegereza yayibonamo byinshi.

Alphonse Umuliisa, umuyobozi mukuru w’ingoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda ati “ikirango gishya iyo ukirebye ubona harimo nk’ikamba ry’umwami, ukabona udusozi, ukabonamo amabara agize ibendera ry’u Rwanda, … ni ikirango gishya kigaragaza igihugu…”

Tugarutse ku bimuritse mu Ngoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda bishobora kubyazwa umusaruro, kimwe muri byo ni amabara agaragara ku rugo rw’ingoro y’i Huye, yifashishwaga n’Abanyarwanda mu mitakire yabo. Ngo haherewe kuri aya mabara, abikorera bashobora kuzajya bakora ibishushanyo, tableau mu rurimi rw’igifaransa, byajya bigurishwa mu mahanga nk’umwimerere w’abanyarwanda.

Kuri ubu, mu ngoro y’i Huye, harimo n’imurika ridahoraho rigaragaza uko ubucuzi bwakorwaga kuva kera cyane mu Rwanda. Ikigaragara muri iri murika ni uko mu Rwanda hari ubutare bushobora kubyazwa ibyuma, urugero nk’amasuka, nk’uko Abanyarwanda ba kera babikoraga. Igisigaye ni uko Ingoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda zakorana n’abikorera, tekinike bazi zikabyazwa umusaruro wateza imbere Abanyarwanda.

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Imitako iri ku rugo rukikije ingoro y’umurage y’i Huye ni iyo gutuma unyuze inyuma atekereza ku biri imbere-Umuliisa2

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Imitako iri ku rugo rukikije ingoro y’umurage y’i Huye ni iyo gutuma unyuze inyuma atekereza ku biri imbere-Umuliisa

Posted on 28 April 2015 by peter

Imitako iri ku rugo rukikije ingoro y’umurage y’i Huye ni iyo gutuma unyuze inyuma atekereza ku biri imbere-Umuliisa

Ujya kwinjira mu mujyi wa Butare aturutse ahitwa mu Rwabuye abanza kunyura ku rugo ruri ku burebure butari butoya na gato, rushushanyijeho imitako nyarwanda y’ubwoko bwinshi kandi rugiye ruriho amacumu arutatse, mu mwanya w’ibyuma abandi bantu bakunze kwifashisha bubaka ingo zibereye ijisho.

Imitako iri ku rugo rukikije ingoro y’umurage y’i Huye ni iyo gutuma unyuze inyuma atekereza ku biri imbere-Umuliisa2

Urwo rugo ni urukikije ubutaka bw’ingoro y’umurage y’i Huye, yitwa Ingoro y’Amateka y’Imibereho y’Abanyarwanda bo Hambere, abanyehuye benshi bakunze kwita kuri mize (musée), rukaba rwubatswe vuba.

Alphonse B. Umuliisa, umuyobozi mukuru w’Ikigo cy’Ingoro z’igihugu z’Umurage w’u Rwanda, avuga ko impamvu y’ingenzi yo kubaka uru rugo no kuyishyiraho imitako nyarwanda ari ugutuma uyinyuze iruhande amenya ko imbere hari ingoro y’imibereho y’abanyarwanda bo hambere. Ngo ni uburyo bwo kuyiha ikirango.

Agira ati “ibi twabikoze mu rwego rwo kuvugurura iyi ngoro kuko urebye nta cyayihinduweho kuva yakubakwa mu mwaka wa 1989.” Na none ati “iyo uboneye kiriziya gatorika hariya, ukabona Bikira Mariya, ukora ikimenyetso cy’umusaraba … ukitegura ko ugiye kwinjira ahera.”

Na none, ngo bafatiye urugero ku ngoro zo mu gihugu cy’ubwongereza. Ati “ingoro igaragaza amateka y’Abongereza mu isi, Imperial War Museum, irangwa n’ibibunda bibiri binini byirabura… Ingoro y’Abongereza (British Museum) yo uyiboneye kure ubona ibikingi binini bikubwira ko uri mu Bwongereza.”

Uretse urugo, no mu kibuga cy’iyi ngoro haravuguruwe: udukuta turimo twari dusanzwe twubakishije amatafati ahiye twasizwe irangi tunashushanywaho imitako nyarwanda. Ngo uku kuvugurura kuzakomereza no mu zindi ngoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda, zishyirweho ibiziranga umuntu abonera kure atarazinjiramo byahereye.

Imitako yose ifite ibisobanuro

Umuyobozi w’Ingoro z’Umurage zo mu Rwanda avuga ko imitako ishushanyije ku rugo rukikije ingoro y’i Huye yakuwe mu yo Abanyarwanda bifashishaga mu gutaka. Ubu ngo bari gukora ubushakashatsi kuri iyo mitako, ku buryo mu bihe bizaza bazasohora igitabo kiyisobanura.

Amacumu atatse kuri uru rugo ngo ni ay’amoko y’amacumu yifashishwaga n’Abanyarwanda. Kugeza ubu ngo ubushakashati bwabashije kumenya amoko 43, nyamara ngo Abanyarwanda bagiraga amoko 120.

Ku bwinjiro bubiri bunini bw’iyi ngoro, hari ibihanga bibiri bibiri by’inka z’inyambo (zifite amahembe maremare ateze neza). Impamvu zabyo ngo ni ukugaragaza agaciro Abanyarwanda bahaga inka.

Ibyo bihanga ariko biri mu ibara rya zahabu. Si mu ibara ry’inka. Bwana Umuliisa avuga ko mu bugeni n’ubuhanzi, atari ngombwa ko ibintu byashushanyijwe bihabwa amabara asa n’ayo biba bifite iyo bitashushanyijwe. Ati « ubundi bishyirwa mu ibara rya zahabu no mu rindi ntazi uko bita mu kinyarwanda. »

Agaciro k’urugo  ntigakwiye kubarwa mu mafaranga

N’ubwo hari abajya bavuga ko urugo rukikije ingoro y’umurage y’i Huye (urukuta rushushanyijeho ahagana ku muhanda ndetse n’urugo rugizwe n’amatafari n’ibyuma by’amatubes) rwaba rwaratwaye akayabo ka miriyoni 500, Bwana Umuliisa avuga ko atari byo. Ngo bifashishije ibihumbi 300 byonyine.

Abatekereza ko kubaka uru rugo n’amafaranga angana kuriya ari ukwaya, ababwira ko batari bakwiye kubarira agaciro karwo mu mafaranga, ahubwo mu cyo rumaze mu kugaragaza no kubumbatira umurage w’Abanyarwanda.

Ati « nk’uko iyi ngoro ubwayo ntayibara mu mafaranga, n’uru rugo ni uko. Byose bifite icyo bivuga ku mateka y’Abanyarwanda… » Ngo bibereyeho kwigisha kandi uburezi nta wabuha agaciro mu mafaranga.

Na none ati « aya ni amateka, kandi amateka ntitwayabara mu mafaranga. N’ubwo abantu baza kubisura tubishyuza, ariko igishoro ntidukwiye kukibara. Ntabwo nshaka kunganyisha umuco n’amafaranga. »

Kuvugurura ntibyarangiye

Bwana Umuliisa kandi avuga ko uretse gukikiza urugo hegitari 20 z’isambu y’ingoro y’umurage y’i Huye, ibikorwa by’ivugurura bitazarangirira aho. Ati « muri uru rugo tuzahazana n’udusimba abantu bazajya basura. »

Kuri ubu ngo batangiye kugabanya ibiti by’inturusu biri mu ishyamba rikikije iyi ngoro, bakaba bazateramo ibijyanye n’udusimba bazahazana. Ngo bazanubaka mu gice cyo hepfo amazu yubatse mu buryo gakondo ababishaka bazajya bacumbikamo (lodges).

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Les Musées du Rwanda menacés de vieillissement  nécessitent une réhabilitation

Posted on 24 September 2014 by peter

m_Les Musées du Rwanda menacés de vieillissement  nécessitent une réhabilitation

Le musée de “chez Kandt” situé au centre-ville de Kigali construit en 1907

La Direction Générale des Musées du Rwanda lance un cri d’alarme aux institutions concernées de venir en aide pour la réhabilitation des Musées du Rwanda qui sont menacés de vieillissement. Ces patrimoines nationaux constituent non seulement une richesse culturelle de toutes les générations  mais aussi une base de données de l’histoire et de la culture du pays ainsi qu’une importante source de revenue. Ces musées nécessitent une plaidoirie pour une protection et une réhabilitation le plutôt possible pour rendre facile leur maintenance et permettre d’attirer plus de visiteurs locaux et étrangers.

Ces préoccupations ont été déclarées par le Directeur Général des Musées du Rwanda,Alphonse Umulisa, devant la commission chargée de la culture au sein du FPR-Inkotanyi lors de la visite des Musées.

Cette délégation du FPR a visité les Musées tels que celui de chez « Richard Kandt », le Musée du Palais Présidentiel de Kanombe, communément appelé « Chez Habyarimana », car c’est l’ancien Président Habyarimana habitait dans ce palais. Cette délégation s’est rendue ensuite à la Bibliothèque Nationale située à Kacyiru.

Après avoir visité  ces musées que certains des commissaires ne connaissaient même pas, Alphonse Umulisa a dit aux commissaires que ces musées ont des problèmes de vieillissement et qu’ils devraient être retapés le plutôt possible car dit-il « ils ont été construits très longtemps et leur maintenance n’a pas été faite comme il faut durant toutes ces années passées ».

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Alphonse  UMULISA exprimant aux commissaires du FPR ses préoccupations sur le vieillissement des musées en faveur d’une éventuelle plaidoirie

« Le musée National de Huye a été construit en1987 et inauguré en 1989. Celui de chez Richard Kandt a été construit en 1907, celui de Rukari à Nyanza en  1931 et celui de  Rwesero en  1959. Vous vous rendez compte de  leur âge ».

Alphonse Umulisa a donné l’exemple du Musée du Palais présidentiel de Kanombe dont la toiture se trouve depuis des années dans un état délabré et sa mauvaise installation électrique qui coûte entre 200 et 400 milles Francs Rwandais chaque  mois pour éclairer le musée.

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Le Musée du Palais présidentiel de Kanombe dont le toit laisse passer l’eau de pluie

Jerome Karangwa, Directeur de Département de recherche dans les Musées du Rwanda, confirme aussi que ces musées sont vieux et qu’ils ont besoin de l’aide suffisante pour la réhabilitation. « La réhabilitation des musées n’est pas une affaire de n’importe qui. Il doit y avoir un expert dans la réhabilitation des musées pour garder l’authenticité de l’histoire ».

Un espoir de plaidoirie pour la réhabilitation de ces Musées

Compte tenu de l’ampleur et de l’urgence des problèmes auprès des commissaires, Sheick Harelimana, Chef de la Commission de la Culture au sein du FPR, a accepté de plaidoyer auprès des institutions ayant la protection des musées dans leurs attributions. Harelimana a profité de l’occasion pour lancer un appel aux Rwandais de s’intéresser et de soutenir les musées en les visitant avant même ils soient visités par les étrangers.

Les Musées génèrent entre 27 et 30millions de Francs Rwandais  par mois

« Il est grand temps de réparer les musées afin d’avoir une autonomie financière dans l’avenir car ces musées génèrent entre  27 et 30 millions Francs Rwandais par mois. Les musées du Rwanda constituent alors un investissement très capital. Mais actuellement ils ont besoin d’un grand capital comme tout autre business afin de ne plus dépendre du budget nationale », souhaite Umulisa.

Le nombre de visiteurs rwandais et étrangers ne cessent d’augmenter comme le montrent les statistiques de 2013-2014. A partir de Juillet 2013 jusqu’Juin 2014, les Rwandais et les étrangers qui ont visité les musées étaient de 185.000 personnes dont 70% étaient des Rwandais.

Actuellement, le Rwanda compte six musées dont le Musée Ethnographique de Huye, au Sud du Rwanda, situé à 135km de Kigali. Le Musée Artistique de Rwesero à Nyanza, est à 85km de la capitale. Le Musée du  Palais Royale de Rukali à Nyanza, au sud du pays, situé à 88km de Kigali. Le musée du Palais présidentiel de Kigali à Kanombe, 15km du centre-ville. Le Musée de l’Histroire Naturelle de Kigali, chez Richard Kandt, au centre-ville et le Musée de l’Environnement de Karongi, à l’Ouest du Rwanda, 130km de Kigali

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Batangiye gutekereza ku byo bazakora mu bukerarugendo bakiga

Posted on 17 June 2014 by peter

Abanyeshuri biga mu mwaka wa gatanu w’ubukerarugendo mu Rwunge rw’amashuri AIPER Nyandungu, (abantu benshi bita kwa Hadji Rwagasana Said) ni bo batangiye gutekereza kubyo bazakora mu bukerarugendo bakiri ku ntebe y’ishuri.

 m_Batangiye gutekereza ku byo bazakora mu bukerarugendo bakiga

Ibi bitekerezo babigaragaje mu kiganiro twagiranye tariki ya 13/6/2014, ubwo Bari bamaze gusura ingoro y’umurage w’u Rwanda yo mu Rukari i Nyanza, ndetse n’ingoro y’umurage w’u Rwanda iherereye mu mujyi wa Butare, mu karere ka Huye.

Claudine Uwasekuru we, bitewe n’uko hari ibyo yari yiteze kubona muri imwe muri izi ngoro ntabibone, yiyemeje ko narangiza amashuri azishingira iye ngoro.

Yagize ati “nzashinga mize (musée) irenze kuri iriya tuvuyemo (yavugaga iyo mu karere ka Huye) … hariya njyewe ntabwo nabonyemo ibintu byinshi … nabuzemo abantu ba kera ukuntu bari bameze.” Abantu ba kera Uwasekuru yari yiteze kubona muri iyi ngoro ngo ni ba bandi benda gusa n’inguge bivugwa ko ari bo dukomokaho.

Uwitwa umutoni we ngo ateganya kuzashinga kampani itembereza ba mukerarugendo baturutse hanze y’ igihugu. Tumubajije niba azakira abo hanze y’igihugu Abanyarwanda bo nta cyo azabamarira? Yashubije agira Ati “kampani yanjye,  n’ Abanyarwanda izabateza imbere kuko ari bo nzaha akazi”.

Umutoni yunzemo ati “nzikorera kuko gukorera abandi ntabwo ubona inyungu nk’uko waba wikorera ku giti cyawe. Nyine uhora uteze intoki ku bandi, kandi mu bukerarugendo harimo amafaranga menshi.”

Mutesi Moreen we ngo atekereza ko azatunganya ahantu azashyira inyamaswa (zoo) akazajya azereka abantu na bo bakamwishyura.

Uwase Ingrid we ngo azashinga itorero ry’abakobwa ribyina imbyino gakondo, ku buryo rizajya ribyinira ba mukerarugendo na bo bakabishyura.

Uwitonze Laetitia na we ati “njye ikintu numva nkunze cyane cyanatumye niga ubukerarugendo numva nzakora mu bijyanye n’indege cyangwa se ku kibuga cy’indege.”

Rugamba Emmanuel, ngo “nshobora kuba umucuruzi, nkajya ncuruza bya bikoresho by’ubukorikori. Icyakora na none ndamutse mbonye akazi muri hoteli cyangwa ku kibuga cy’indege nagakora cyangwa na none mu mapariki nkazajya mperekeza ba mukerarugendo.”

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Abanyanigeriya basanga igihugu cyabo cyakwigira ku Rwanda mu gusigasira amateka ashingiye ku muco

Posted on 08 November 2013 by peter

Abanyanigeriya 66 bakora mu rwego rw’ubutabera bari mu Rwanda kuva mu cyumweru gishize tariki 6/11/2013,basuye Ingoro y’Umwami Mutara wa III Rudahigwa iri ahitwa mu Rukali mu karere ka Nyanza nyuma batangaza ko  basanga igihugu cyabo cyafatira isomo ryiza ku Rwanda mu birebana no gusigasira amateka ashingiye ku muco.

Ibi byatangajwe na Hon. Ayotunde Phillips wari ubayoboye muri urwo ruzinduko ariko ubusanzwe akaba ari perezida w’Urukiko Rukuru i Lagos mu murwa mukuru w’igihugu cya Nigeriya.

Nyuma y’uko itsinda ryabo banyanigeriya ryari rimaze gusura ibice bitandukanye by’ingoro yo mu Rukari kandi ari nako banasobanurirwa amateka y’abami bategetsi u Rwanda rwo hambere batangajwe no kubona buri kimwe cyose kijyanye n’amateka ashingiye ku muco w’abanyarwanda bihaboneka ngo bitandukanye n’uko iwabo muri Nigeriya bimeze.

Mu bice byose bigize iyi ngoro yo mu Rukali babitambagijwemo berekwa aho inzoga n’amata byaterekwaga kimwe naho Umwami n’umugabekazi we babaga bishimira uburyo ayo mateka yose asigasiwemo. Perezida w’urukiko Rukuru rwa Nigeriya Hon. Ayotunde Phillips ubwo yagiraga icyo avuga kuri urwo rugendo bakoze bagasura ingoro yo mu Rukali.

Yabivuze muri ubu buryo agira ati: “ Nyuma yo gusura iyi Ngoro ndangamateka njye n’abagenzi banjye biradushimishije cyane ku buryo twasanze mu gihugu cyacu byanatubera isomo rishingiye ku byo twabonye n’ibyo twiyumviye”.

m_Abanyanigeriya basanga igihugu cyabo cyakwigira ku Rwanda mu gusigasira amateka ashingiye ku muco

Bamwe mu banyanigeriya basuye Ingoro yo mu Rukali

Agereranya inzu ndangamateka zo muri Nigeriya ndetse n’iyo Ngoro yo mu Rukali basuye yavuze ko zitari ku rwego rwumwe. Ati: “Mu ngoro Ndangamateka z’iwacu usanga zivuga amateka mu buryo butuzuye ariko hano haragaragazwa ishusho y’amateka y’abami bo hambere, hakerekanwa ahari uburiri bwabo aho banyweraga ndetse n’ibindi byagiye bibaranga mu bihe bitandukanye”

Nk’uko yakomeje abisobanura ngo u Rwanda rwabera umwarimu mwiza igihugu cya Nigeriya mu birebana n’uburyo bwo kwita ku ngoro ndangamurage ndetse no gusigasira muri rusange ibimenyetso biziranga.

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Abanyanigeriya hamwe n’umukozi w’ingoro z’umurage w’u Rwanda wambaye ibishura bitukura

Umuliisa Alphonse umuyobozi mukuru w’Ingoro z’Umurage w’u Rwanda yishimiye ko abanyamahanga bazisura bishimira cyane amateka ashingiye ku muco w’abanyarwanda babwirwa ndetse n’ibimenyetso byawo by’umwimerere bashobora kwibonera n’amaso yabo.

Ngo kuba abaza bose gusura bagenda bashimagiza ibyo babonye n’ubusobanuro bahawe ni ikimenyesto cy’uko baba banyuzwe kandi bagize isomo bakura ku Rwanda mu birebana n’umuco ubaranga urimo kugira isuku, ikinyabufura n’izindi ngandagaciro nziza batozwa kugira.

Ingoro yo mu Rukali yaherukaga gusurwa n’abantu benshi b’abanyamahanga tariki 23/10/2013 ubwo  abagize umuryango w’ibihugu bya Commonwealth bikoresha ururimi rw’icyongereza nabo bayigendereraga bashaka kumenya amwe mu mateka y’ingenzi ashingiye ku muco w’abanyarwanda.

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Rwanda to boost cultural tourism

Posted on 27 July 2013 by peter

Rwanda to boost cultural tourism

Rwandan Cultural Dancers

In the bid to avoid being over reliant on Gorrilas for tourism, there has been efforts to diversify the tourism industry to avoid dependence on a single attraction.

It is against this background, that a there is a proposal of a Cultural Tourism Village in Kigali spearheaded by the City of Kigali, Ministry of Trade and the Rwanda Development Board (RDB).

According to the Proposal, the Kigali Cultural Tourism Center will be built in Rebero City Suburb.

The Minister of Trade and Industry Francois Kanimba emphasises the importance of cultural tourism which he referred to as a critical component to Rwanda’s tourism product diversification agenda which has the potential improve the annual foreign revenues generated by tourism.

The Head of Tourism in RDB, Rica Rwigamba says that foundations to support cultural tourism are being developed.

“Rwanda has a rich cultural heritage and investments are being made to ensure the necessary infrastructure and the development of clusters, especially in strengthening the creative industries which include handicrafts, dance and music,” says Rwigamba.

She further notes that, for Rwanda to overcome the single attraction challenge and to sustain its tourism growth momentum, more efforts are required to diversify product offerings.

“This is crucial in order to leverage other avenues where the country is well positioned to compete and to significantly augment its tourism receipts. One of these avenues is cultural tourism.”

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Rhenanie –Palatinat Province representatives learning the history about the former king

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Delegates from Germany pay visit to Rwanda

Posted on 14 February 2013 by peter

On Monday 10th.Feb.2013, delegates from Rhenanie –Palatinat Province in Germany paid a visit the house of former king of Rwanda Mutara III Rudahigwa as a way of finding out the real life experiences of the former Rwandan king and the culture that existed then.

Reiner Meutsch signing visitors’ books

Reiner Meutsch signing visitors’ books 

Different parts of the former king’s house were visited including the king’s bedroom chambers and where he would eat. After visiting different parts of the former king’s palace locally known as Rukali, the of Rhenanie –Palatinat Province delegates to Rwanda were happy for the visit and got to know about Rwandan history since most of them were in Rwanda for the first time.

Rhenanie –Palatinat Province representatives learning the history about the  former king

Rhenanie –Palatinat Province representatives learning the history about the former king

Reiner Meutsch who led the team of representatives signed in the visitors’ book expressing the excitement they got from the visit they made to the former King’s palace (Rukali) and learning great history from this place.

“We’re glad for this visit and the warm welcome accorded to us by Rwandans” he wrote.

The delegates of Rhenanie –Palatinat Province in Germany came to Rwanda on the 9th.Feb.2013 while visiting different regions of Rwanda evaluating different programs and projects including schools that were built on the partnership of Germany and Rwanda.

 

 

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Intumwa zo muri Rhenanie Palatinat zasuye ingoro yo mu Rukali

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Intumwa zo muri Rhenanie Palatinat zasuye ingoro yo mu Rukali

Posted on 13 February 2013 by peter

 Intumwa  ziturutse mu Ntara ya Rhenanie –Palatinat mu gihugu cy’Ubudage zasuye ingoro y’umwami Mutara wa III Rudahingwa muri gahunda yo  kumenya uko abami b’u Rwanda rwo hambere babagaho ndetse n’imwe mu mico yagiye ibaranga.

 

Intumwa zo muri Rhenanie Palatinat zasuye ingoro yo mu Rukali

Icyo gikorwa cyo gusura ingoro y’umwami Mutara wa III Rudahigwa cyakozwe tariki 11/02/2013 aho basuye ibice bitandukanye byayo birimo aho umwami yabaga ndetse naho bamuteguriraga inzoga.

Nyuma yo gutambagizwa ibice binyuranye by’ingoro yo mu Rukali bagaragaje ko bishimiye urwo ruzinduko bahagiriye rwabagaragarije byinshi ku mateka y’u Rwanda dore ko abenshi muri bo bwari ubwa mbere bageze mu Rwanda.

 

 

REINER Meutsch wari uyoboye bagenzi be muri urwo rugendo  yanditse mu gitabo cy’abashyitsi ko banejejwe n’uruzinduko bagiriye aho umwami Mutara wa III Rudahigwa yabaye ndetse akaba akihafite n’amateka akomeye.

Yanditse agira ati : «  Twishimiye uruzinduko twakoze ndetse n’uburyo twakiwemo n’abanyarwanda byerekana ko bakirana urugwiro ababagana »

Izi ntumwa ziturutse mu Ntara ya Rhenanie Palatinat zageze mu Rwanda tariki 09/02/2013 mu rwego rwo  gukorera urugendo hirya no hino mu gihugu  muri gahunda yo gusura ibikorwa bitandukanye birimo ibigo by’amashuli byagiye byubakwa binyuze mu mubano n’ubucuti igihugu cyabo gifitanye n’u Rwanda.

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Exploring Rwanda’s museums and heritages 5

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Exploring Rwanda’s museums and heritages

Posted on 02 February 2013 by peter

Exploring Rwanda’s museums and heritages

The richness of a country’s history and heritage are very important aspects that create an identity for people of any nation in the world. Rwanda has a rich history that dates back to the Kingdoms, colonial and post colonial times; which has for long not been explored to attract local and foreign tourism, bring in revenue and create awareness on the culture of the Rwandan people.

Unlike in some countries where historical sites and heritages have been central aspect of cultural tourism, Rwanda has not been privileged to do likewise due to many aspects.

Exploring Rwanda’s museums and heritages1

Thus since 2007, the government of Rwanda decided to refocus on the importance of museums and heritage sites by establishing the Institute of National Museums of Rwanda (INMR) as a way of restoring these historical values and aspects, which the colonial rule struggled to destroy Rwanda so as to have an upper hand on the people of Rwanda.

According to Mr. Alphonse Umuliisa, the Director of INMR, the revival of the museums is intended to revive this rich past as a way of promoting tourism, a sense of identity, and create awareness of who Rwandans actually are, and to have fun.

The new strategy and agenda of the INMR shows that there are so far signs of progress to attain this goal. So far the number of museums in Rwanda has increased from one to six museums, and the heritages sites (which were literally forgotten) have been revived to over 80 sites (from 24 sites) across the country.

Umuliisa says that this setback is mainly attributed to the colonial rule which, for political purposes didn’t open these aspects to the people of Rwanda and thus a loss of identity. The other aspect is that cultural tourism was and especially museum were considered a western aspect meant for the colonialists and the local only hardly ever visited such sites, even though it was for free.

Today, Umuliisa believes that this trend is changing and the numbers of local and foreign tourists interested in knowing the history, having fun and exploring Rwanda’s past and heritage has increased (tripled from 22.000 in 2009 to 26.000 in 2011 and 40.000 in 2012) due to the emphasis on promoting cultural tourism and reviving some of the ‘lost’ heritages sites across the country.

Before 2007 there was only one museum in Rwanda- this was called the national museum of Rwanda- located in former Butare province (a then Colonial capital) which is now Huye district in the southern province of Rwanda. However, the number of museums has grown from one in 2007 to six museums in 2013.

These include- the Ethnographic museum in Huye, King’s Palace Museum-Rukari in Nyanza, National Art Gallery-Rwesero in Nyanza, Natural History Museum –Kandt House in Kigali, Presidential Palace-Kanombe in Kigali, and the Environmental Museum in Karongi.

Specialty of each museum today

Ethnographic museum (former National Museum of Rwanda)

The former national museum of Rwanda has been turned into the Ethnographic museum- Inaugurated on September 18th 1989 and located in Huye, Not until 2007, the National Museum of Rwanda (most well-known museum in Rwanda) was the only Museum in the country. This museum houses perhaps the finest ethnographic and archaeological collections in East Africa with more than 10,000 artefacts. Absorbing displays of traditional artefacts are illuminated by a fascinating selection of turn-of-the-century monochrome photographs, providing insight not only into pre-colonial lifestyles, but also into the subsequent development of Rwanda as a modern African state.

Exploring Rwanda’s museums and heritages2

According to Alphonse Umuliisa, the Director of the Institute of National Museums of Rwanda (INMR), this is intended to tell the social and cultural aspects of Rwanda. This is where you find the famous aspects of culture of cows which is told through the Inyamibwa cows.

Umuliisa, whose PHD thesis dissertation was on the history of Rwanda, cautions that this word (Inyamibwa) shouldn’t be translated at all to keep the original essence of the word. When I refused to translate this word in my dissertation, I lost a few marks for that. But the reality is that some words cannot be put in any other language. This is why there is a promotion project called

But literally the Inyamibwa are a symbol of Rwanda’s heritage and pride- these are long horned cows which are not used for meat or any other purpose but for the special events- like marriage gifts, wedding bride price; for the welcome of the king and other special occasions only.

Exploring Rwanda’s museums and heritages3

Under the reign of King Yuhi V Musinga in 1899, Nyanza became the royal capital
of the country. The court became the home of the artistic and intellectual activities and was also a place for economic exchange. Today, a replica of the traditional Royal Palace sits at Rukari. The impressive, enormous domed structure is made entirely with traditional materials, has been painstakingly restored to its 19th century state and is now maintained as a museum.

National Arts Museum-Rwesero

Located across the valley from the Museum of Rwandan Ancient History and the
Nyanza Royal Palace, the Rwesero Arts Museum displays contemporary artwork which testifies to the originality of Rwandan creativity, while not overlooking either tradition or national history. The pieces show the originality of Rwandan creativity and its rich history.

The museum was originally built as a Palace for King Mutara III Rudahingwa but he passed away before occupying it.

The Museum of Rwandan Ancient History

The Museum of Rwandan Ancient History

This one was once the residence of King Mutara III Rudahingwa, this museum also sits at Rukari near to the Royal Palace. This Palace has been restored and offers a glimpse into Rwandan life as it once was. On the neighboring hill of Mwima, King Mutara III and his wife Queen Rosalie Gicanda are buried.

A traditional house, a thatched hut, was erected at the Ancient History Museum. It is an imitation of the King’s palace. In ancient times, thatched houses were typical for African homesteads.

The King’s palace differed from a regular homestead.  His house had three separate poles on which the roof rests while houses for the common people had only one. There were no doors in the huts. But no one would enter without announcing their arrival.

When the Belgians colonial masters arrived in Rwanda, they changed the traditional lifestyle of the Kings. A modern palace was constructed for King Mutara III Rudahingwa which is now the museum that displays Rwandan history from the 15th Century.

Both the Museum of Rwandan Ancient History and the Rwesero Arts Museum are located 2km outside Nyanza town in the southern Province. It is very important to note that Nyanza district is considered a historical area since it still holds these heritages that actually speak to the people of Rwanda.

Another most prominent aspect of the Rwandan culture is the Cow and Milk- which are very powerful symbols of the culture of Rwandans.

“The cows were treasured by the people. There was a special selection of the ones that would be brought to the royal palace.  People used to sing to them. The cows were decorated with beads before parading them before the King,” explains Ines Umulisa a tourist guide at Ancient History Museum.

The Museum of Natural History

This museum is located in Nyarugenge district, in heart of Kigali City. It is commonly known as ‘Kandt house’ – because it was a residence once occupied by German scientist, Dr. Richard Kandt. The house has been turned into the Museum of Natural History. A scientist by profession, Richard Kandt was the first German Imperial resident in Rwanda and this museum is homage to his work. The Germany government handover the site and its artifacts to the government of Rwanda, this January 2013

In the pipeline:

More museums are due to be officially launched in Rwanda. These include: Presidential Palace-Kanombe in Kigali, the Environmental Museum in Karongi and the Liberation.

On 17th December 2012, President Paul Kagame laid the foundation stone for the proposed Liberation Museum in Kaniga Cell, in Gicumbi District (previously called Mulindi- historic camp spot for the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) forces which were led by Late Fred Rwigema and President Paul Kagame respectively, during the liberation struggle that ousted the then government of late Juvenal Habyarimana- whose government is held responsible for killing close to one million Rwandans during the genocide against the Tutsi in 1994.

Exploring Rwanda’s museums and heritages 5

 

The Environmental Museum is due to be opened in former Kibuye Province (now Karongi district). According to the INMR director, the museum will be the first of its kind and it will share some of the historical fossils of reptiles from neighboring countries such as Burundi, so as to attract more regional tourism.

 

While the Presidential Palace-Kanombe in Kigali is attributed to the former presidents of rwanda. This site was formerly occupied as a residence for Juvenal Habyarimana and Pasteur Bizimungu. This is also one of the visited sites and it is to be revamped so as to attract more tourists who are interested in witnessing how these former presidents lived amidst poverty in the community.

 

Others projects include the King’s swearing spot in the Northern Province and the National Harvest Day, and the Irembo Ritahibwa Inyamibwa (literally meaning the Inyamibwa Cow ceremony) among others.

 

The Director of INMR says that though the museum project depends largely on the government funding with an annual budget of Rwf1.3billions, cultural tourism can regenerate money in africa and especially in Rwanda.

Today, museums are tourist attractions which are supposed to bring in revenue for the country. The charges for visiting the Ancient History Museums are Rwf200 for Rwandan students and Rwf500 for adults (this applies for neigboruing countries). Then resident foreigners pay Rwf3000 while non–residents pay Rwf6000 and foreign students pay Rwf1000.

Apparently, in Rwanda, you cannot talk about its history of Rwanda without talking about the genocide that was perpetrated against the Tutsi in various periods of 1959, 1960’s and the climax of it all in 1994.

This has become essential history for the people of Rwanda and by reflecting and keeping memory of what happened then, and its impact to people who were once united, has become part of Rwanda’s heritage (documented at Gisozi memorial site) of building unity and reconciliation in the post genocide era, which has also been central in the witness of rapid growth and development of a country once torn by divisions.

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Historical Hotel Faucon to be renovated

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Rwanda : Historical Hotel Faucon to be renovated

Posted on 31 January 2013 by peter

Historical Hotel Faucon to be renovated

The Huye district council has finally resolved on a decision to renovate a historical hotel (Hotel Faucon) and recommended that the process should ensure that historical artifacts, be preserved in the process.
Hotel Falcon is located in the former Butare province (now Huye district) – which was considered as the administrative region of the colonial rulers in Rwanda.
The District Mayor, Eugene Kayiranga Muzuka said on January 28th that the renovation and upgrading project on the hotel will be done in consultation with the Institute of National Museums and the current owners of the hotel. He also said that the project timeline will be discussed on a later stage.
The hotel contains a special room that used to be occupied by Rwanda’s King- Mutara III Rudahingwa and other historical artifacts including rooms that used to be occupied by the Belgian royal families.
The council meeting said that while it is necessary to revamp the hotel among other old fashioned building that are mostly seen in Huye district, the historical aspects and features of the hotel should be maintained.
Residents say that Faucon Hotel used to be the most prestigious and perfect spot for the high class citizens and local leaders (who were known as chefs) between the 50’s and 60’s.
Yohani Batista Sebukangaga, who is now in his early 70’s, says that this hotel is considered to be the symbol of the region and it was also a place where the King of Burundi (King Mwambutsa) used to be hosted while on his visit to Rwanda.
Faucon Hotel is believed to have been constructed in 1943, and it belonged to a Belgian called Faucon. The hotel was set ablaze and rehabilitated in 1962 and sold to local entrepreneurs.
 

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